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30.03.2011.

First Conditional (IF rečenice - TIP 1)



I Exerice

 

1. You (have) ________ to work very hard if you want to pass your English exam.

A) will have

B) have

C) are having

 

2. You will be tired tomorrow if you (not to go) ___________ to bed soon.

A) don't go

B) won't go

C) aren't going

 

3. I will see you at the cinema if you (have) _________ the time.

A) have

B) will have

C) are having

 

4. If you sell more than you did last year you (be) _________ soon on your way.

A) are

B) will be

C) are being

 

5. If he (find) ________ a good job, he will pay all his bills.

A) finds

B) will finn

C) is finding

 

6. If he (not accept) _______ our offer, we will have to withdraw.

A) won't accept

B) doesn't accept

C) is not accepting

 

7. If you (give) _______ me a 10% discount, I'll buy two.

A) are giving

B) give

C) will give

 

8. If sales (not improve) _________ soon, we will have to lay off some workers.

A) aren't improving

B) won't improve

C) don'r improve

 

9. IF the report (not be) _________ on my desk tomorrow morning, you will be in big trouble.

A) isn't being

B) won't be

C) isn't

 

10. If I see you standing around the coffee machine talking again, you (not get) ________ a rise.

A) won't get

B) don't get

C) aren't getting

 

Rješenja: 1A, 2A, 3A, 4B, 5A, 6B, 7B, 8C, 9C, 10A.

 

16.03.2011.

Adjectives and Adverbs

Choose the best answer:

Exercise I

1. She played _______.

A) beautiful

B) beautifully

2. The Tv's far too ______.

A) loud

B) loudly

3) She speaks so very ______.

A) quick

B) quickly

4. She's a _______ learner.

A) quick

B) quickly

5. I know them quite _______.

A) good

B) well

6. Check your work ______.

A) careful

B) carefully

7. I've been having a lot of headaches _______.

A) late

B) lately

8) He's a ______ actor.

A) terrible

B) terribly

9) He should pass the test _______.

A) easily

B) easilly

10. He's really lazy and ______ tries.

A) hard

B) hardly

Correct answers: 1.B, 2.A, 3.B, 4.A, 5.B, 6.B, 7.B, 8.A, 9.A, 10.B.

Exercise II

1. The newspapers were very ______ of the scheme.

A) critical

B) critically

2. He's _____ ill.

A) critical

B) critically

3. I don't ______ agree with you.

A) full

B) fully

4. I was ______ shocked.

A) complete

B) completely

5. It was a _______ mess.

A) complete

B) completely

6. They messed things up ______.

A) complete

B) completely

7. It was a ______ day for us all.

A) sad

B) sadly

8. Ann walks _______.

A) heavy

B) heavily

9. Ann is ________.

A) beautiful

B) beautifully

10. Ann speaks Chinese _________.

A) fluent

B) fluently

 

Rješenja: 1 A, 2B, 3B, 4B, 5A, 6B, 7A, 8B, 9A, 10B.

IIII Exercice

1. David arrived _______.

A) late

B) lately

2. Sue learned Japanese _______.

A) quick

B) quickly

3) Sharon usually sings _______.

A) good

B) well

4) Bill understands Spanish ________.

A) good

B) well

5. The women work ________.

A) hard

B) hardly

6. Mei Li dresses ________.

A) beautiful

B) beautifully

7. I like to live i na _______ house.

A) clean

B) cleanly

8. The soup tastes ________.

A) good

B) well

9. The orchestra sounds _______.

A) bad

B) badly

10. Bill likes to sing _______ songs.

A) sad

B) sadly

Rješenja: 1A, 2B, 3B, 4B, 5A, 6B, 7A, 8A, 9A, 10A.

IV Exercise

The Three Little Pigs

Once upon a time there were three little pigs who wanted to see the world. When the
they left home, their mum gave them an advice: "Whatever you do, do it the (good)
__________________1 you can."
So, the three pigs wandered through the world and were the (happy) _____________2
pigs you've ever seen. They played (funny) __________________3 games all summer
long but then came autumn and each pig wanted to build a house.
The first pig was not only the (small) _______________________4 but also the (lazy)
____________________5 of the pigs. He (quick) ______________________6 built a
house out of straw. The second pig made his house out of wood which was a bit
(difficult) __________________________________7 than building a straw house. The
third pig followed his mum's advice and built a strong house out of bricks – the
(difficult) _____________________________8 house of all. The pig worked very
(hard) ____________________9 but finally got his house ready before winter.
During the cold winter months, the three little pigs lived (extreme) _______________10
well in their houses. They (regular) _________________________11 visited one
another and had the (wonderful) ___________________________________12 time.
But one night, a wolf came to the place where the three little pigs lived. It was the
(horrible) _____________________________13 looking wolf in the whole wide world.
Being (terrible) ____________________________14 hungry he went (straight)
_________________________15 to the straw house.
"Let me in, little pig," the wolf shouted out (angry) ____________________16, "or I'll
huff and I'll puff and I'll blow your house down!"
The pig didn't let him in and as the house was made out of straw, the wolf blew it down
(easy) __________________________17. The little pig ran to his brother's house as
(fast) _________________________18 as he could. But the wolf followed him to the
wooden house.
"Open up, little pigs," he shouted even (angry)__________________________19. Then
he huffed and puffed and it didn't take him much (long) _________________20 to blow
the house down. So, the two pigs (nervous) ________________________21 ran to their
brother who lived in the brick house. The wolf followed them (grim)
________________________22.
"Open the door," he shouted (fierce) _____________________23. As the pigs didn't
open the wolf huffed and puffed (heavy) _________________________24. But the
stone house didn't fall down.
From all the huffing and puffing the wolf became even (hungry) ________________25.
With his last power he (slow) ______________________26 climbed up the house to get
in through the chimney. The pigs saw this and (hasty) ___________________27 lit a
fire. When the wolf climbed down the chimney, he fell into the fire which was (awful)
_____________________28 hot. He burnt his bum (bad) _______________29 and ran
away.
From that day on, the pigs had no more trouble with the wolf and they lived (happy)
______________________30 ever after.

 

Rješenje:

1) best                 11) regularly                             21) nervously
2) happiest         12) most wonderful                 22) grimly
3) funny               13) most horrible/-bly**          23) fiercely
4) smallest         14) terribly                                 24) heavily
5) laziest              15) straight                               25) hungrier
6) quickly              16) angrily                                26) slowly
7) more difficult   17) easily                                 27) hastily
8) most difficult    18) fast                                    28) awfully
9) hard*                 19) more angrily                    29) badly
10) extremely       20) longer                               30) happily

02.03.2011.

Passive

I Complete the sentences using one of these verbs in the correct form:

cause   damage   hold   include    invite   make   overtake   show    translate    write

1) Many accidents ______ by dangerous driving.

2) Cheese ______ from milk.

3) The roof of the building______ in a storm a few days ago.

4) There's no need to leave a tip. Service ______ in the bill.

5) You ______ to the wedding. Why didn't you go?

6) A cinema is a place where films ______ every four years.

7) In the United States, elections for President:::::: every four years.

8) Originally the book _____ in Spanish and a few years ago it _____ into English.

9) We were driving along quite fast but we ______ by lots of other cars.

Rješenje: are caused, is made, was damaged, is included, were invented, are shown, are held, was written... was translated, were overtaken.

Više zadataka...

II Write questions using the passive. Some are present and some are past.

1) Ask about the telephone. (when/invent?) ______________________________

2) Ask about glass. (how/make?) How__________________________________

3) Ask about Australia. (when/discover?) ________________________________

4) Ask about silver. (what/use/for?) _____________________________________

5) Ask about television. (when/invent?) __________________________________

Rješenje:

1) When was the telephone invented?

2) How is glass made?

3) When was Australia discovered?

4)What is silver used for?

5) When was television invented?

III Put the verb into the correct form, present simple or past simple, active or passive.

1) It's a big factory. Five hundred people are _______ (employ) there.

2) Water _______ (cover) most of the Earth's surface.

3) Most of the Earth's surface _______ (cover) by water.

4) The park gates _______ (lock) at 6.30 p.m. every evening.

5) The letter _______ (post) a week ago and it _____ (arrive) yesterday.

6) The boat _______ (sink) quickly but fortunately everybody _______ (rescue).

7) Ron's parents _______ (die) when he was very young. He and his sister _______ (bring) up by their grandparents.

8) I was born in London but I ______ (grow) up in the north of England.

9) While I was on holiday, my camera ______ (steal) from my hotel room.

10) While I was on holiday, ma camera _______ (disappear) from my hotel room.

11) Why ________ (Sue/resign) from her job? Didn't she enjoy it?

12) Why ________ (Bill/sack) from his job? What did he do wrong?

13) The company is not independent. It _______ (own) by a much larger company.

14) I saw an accident last night. Somebody _______ (call) an ambulance but nobody ______ (injure) so the ambulance ________ (not/need).

15) Where ______ (these photographs/take)? In London? ______(you/take) them?

Rješenje: are employed, covers, is covered, are locked, was posted...arrived, sank....was rescued, died....were brought, grew, was stolen, disappeared, did Sue resign, was Bill sacked, is owned, called....was injured....wasn't needed, were these photographs taken....Did you take

IV Rewrite these sentences. Instead of using 'somebody/they/people' etc. write a passive sentence.

1) Somebody cleans the room every day. ______________________________

2) They cancelled all flights because of fog. All__________________________

3) People don't use this road very often.  _______________________________

4) Somebody accudes me of stealing money. I __________________________

5) How do people learn languages?  How ______________________________

6) People advised us not to go out alone. _______________________________

Rješenje:

1) The room is cleaned every day.

2) All flights were cancelled because of the fog.

3) This road isn't used very often.

4) I was accudes of stealing money.

5) How ate languages learnt?

6) We were advised not to go out alone.

V Complete these sentences with one of the following verbs (in the correct form):

carry   cause   do   make   repair   send   spend   wake up

Sometimes you need have ('might have', 'could have' etc.).

1) The situation is serious. Something must ____________ before it's too late.

2) I haven't received the letter. It might _______________ to the wrong address.

3) A decision will not ______________ until the next meeting.

4) I told the hotel receptionist that I wanted to ____________ at 6.30 the next morning.

5) Do you think that less money should _______________ on armaments?

6) This road is in bery bad condition. It should ____________ a long time ago.

7) The injured man couldn't walk and had to _____________________.

8) It's not certain how the fire started but it might _____________ by an electrical fault.

Rješenje: be done, have been sent, be made, be woken up, be spent, have been repaired, be carried, have been caused.

VI Rewrite these sectences. Instead of using 'somebody' or 'they', write a passive sentences.

1) Somebody has cleaned the room. _____________________________________

2) They have postoponed the concert. The _________________________________

3) Somebody is using the computer at the moment. The computer ______________

4) I didn't realise that somebody was recording our conversation.                                                       I didn't realise that ____________________________________________________

5) When we got to the stadium we found that they had cancelled the game.                             When we got to the stadium, we found that _________________________________

6) They are building a new ring road round the city. ___________________________

7) They have built a new hospital near the airport. ____________________________

Rješenje:

1) The room has been cleaned.

2)The concert has been postponed.

3) The computer is being used at the moment.

4) I didn't realise that our conversation was being recorded.

5) ....we found that the gaem had been cancelled.

6) A new ring road is being built round the city.

7) a new hospital has been built near the airport.

25.02.2011.

Past Perfect or Past Simple II

I Fill the gaps with the verb in brackets using either the past perfect or past simple tenses.

1. He (give)_____ me back the book, (thank)_____ me for lending it to him and (say)_____ that he (enjoy) __________ it very much; but I (know) ______ that he (not,read) ______ it because most of the pages were still uncut.
Rješenje:gave, thanked, said, had enjoyed, knew, hadn't read.

2. When he (see)_______ his wife off at the station, he (return)_____ home as he (not,have)_____ to be at the airport till 9.30.
Rješenje: had seen, returned, didn't have.

3. He (not,have)_____ to pack, for his wife (do,already)_______ that for him and his case (be) _____ ready in the hall.
Rješenje: didn't have, had already done, was.

4. He (not,have) ______ to check the doors and windows wither, for his wife always (do)______ that before she (leave) ______ the house.
Rješenje:didn't have, did, left.

5. All he (have) _____ to do was to decide whether or not to take his overcoat with him. In the end he (decided)______ not to.
Rješenje: had, decided.

6. At 8.30 he (pick up) ______ his case, (go)______out of the house and (slam)______ the door behind him.
Rješenje: picked up, went, slammed.

7. Then he (feel)______ in his pockets for the key, for his wife (remind) _____ him to double-lock the fron door.
Rješenje: felt, had reminded.

8. When he (search)_______ all his pockets and (find)______ no key he (remember)_____ where it was.
Rješenje:had searched, (had) found, remembered.

9. He (leave) _____ it in his overcoat pocket.
Rješenje: had left.

10. Then he (remember)______ something else; his passport and tickets (be) ______  in his overcoat pocket as well.
Rješenje: remembered, were.

11. I (arrive) _____ in England in the middle of July. I (be told) _____ that England was shrouded in fog all the year round, so I (be) ______ quite surprised to find that it was merely raining.
Rješenje: arrived, had been told, was.

12. I (ask)_____ another passenger, an Englishman, about the fog and he (say) _____ that there (not, be) _____ any since the previous February.
Rješenje:asked, said, hadn't been.

13. If I (want) _____ fog, he (say) _____, (come) _____ at quite the wrong time.
Rješenje: wanted, said, had come.

14. However, he (tell) _____ me that I could buy tinned fog at a shop in Shaftesbury Avenue.
Rješenje: told.

15. He (admit) ______ that he (never, buy) ______ fog there himself but (assure) ______ that they (sell) ______ good quality fog and that it (not,be) ______ expensive.
Rješenje: admitted, had never bought, assured, sold, wasn't.

16. When the old lady (return) ______ to her flat she (see) ______ at once that burglars (break) _____ in during her absence, because the front door (be) _____ open and everything in the flat (be) ______ upside down.
Rješenje: returned, saw, had broken, was, was.

17. The burglars themselves (be) _____ no longer there, but they probably (only just, leave)_____ because a cigarette was still burning on an ornamental table.
Rješenje: were, had only just left.

18. Probably they (hear) _____ the lift coming up and (run) _____ down the fire escape.
Rješenje: had heard, had run.

19. They (help) _____ themselves to her whiskey too but there (be) _____ a little left, so she (pour) _____ herself out a drink.
Rješenje: had helped, was, poured.

20. She (wonder) _____ if they (find) _____ her jewellery and rather (hope) ______ that they had.
Rješenje: wondered, had found, hoped.

21. The jewellery (be given) _____ her by her husband, who (die) ______ some years before.
Rješenje: had been given, had died.

22. Since his deatd she (not,have) ______ the heart to wear it, yet she (not,like) ______ to sell it.
Rješenje: hadn't had, hadn't liked.

23. Now it (seem) ______ that fate (take) ______ the matter out of her hands; and certainly the insurance money would come in handy.
Rješenje: seemed, had taken.

24. I (put) ______ the $5 note into one of my books, but the next day it (take) ______ me ages to find it because I (forget) ______ which book I (put) ______it into.
Rješenje: put, took, had forgotten/forgot, had put.

25. A woman (come) ______ in with a baby, who she (say) ______ (just, swallow) ______ a safety pin.
Rješenje: came, said just had swallowed.

26. I (think) _______ my trainn (leave)-_____ at 14.33 and (be) very dissapointed when I (arrive) ______ at 14.30 and (learn) ______that it (just, leave) _______.
Rješenje: thought, left, was, arrived, had just left.

27. I (find) ______ later that I (use) ______ and out-of-date timetable.
Rješenje: found, had used.

28. He (park) ______ his car under a No Parking sign and (rush) ______ into the shop. When he (come) ______ out of the shop ten minutes later the car no longer (be) ______ there.
Rješenje: parked, rushed, came, was.

29. He (wonder) ______ if someone (steal) ______ it or if the police (drive) ______ it away.
Rješenje: wondered, had stolen, had driven.

30. It (be)______ now 6 p.m.; and Jack (be) ______ tired because he (work) ______ hard all day.
Rješenje: was, had worked (had been working).

31. He (be) _______ also hungry because he (had) ______ nothing to eat since breakfast.
Rješenje: was, had had.

32. His wife usually (bring) ______ him sandwiches at lunch time, but today for some reason she (not, come)______.
Rješenje: brought, hadn't come.

33. He (keep) ______ looking at her, wondering where he (see) _______ her before.
Rješenje: kept, had seen.

34. I (look out)_______ before I (go) _______ to bed and (see)______ a man standing on the opposit pavement watching the house.
Rješenje: looked, went, saw.

35. When I (get up) _______ the following morning he (be) ______ still there, and I (wonder) ______ whether he (stay)______ there all night or if he (go away) ______ and (come back)______.
Rješenje: got up, was, wondered, had stayed, had gone away, come back.


II Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or prsent perfect simple)
1. Mother: I want to prepare dinner. (you/wash)_______ the dishes yet?
2. Daughter: I (wash)______ the dishes yesterday, but I (have/not)______ the time yet to do it today.
3. Mother: (you/do/already)-_____ your homework?
4. Daugther: No, I (come, just) ______ home from school.
5. Mother: You (come) ______ home from school two hours ago!
6. Daughter: Well, but my friend Lucy (call) ______ when I (arrive) _______ and I (finish/just) ______ the phone call.
7. Mother: (you/see/not)______ Lucy at school in the morning?
8. Daughter: Yes, but we (have/not) ______ time to talk then.

Rješenje:
1. Have you washed
2. Washed, have not had
3. have you already done
4. have just come
5. came
6. called, arrived, have just finished
7. didn't you see
8. did not have


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